What is Cyber Risk Management?

    Cyber risk management refers to an ongoing process in which organizations seek to continuously identify, assess, prioritize, and mitigate risks associated with cyber threats and security vulnerabilities. It encompasses all members of an organization and involves the implementation of security policies, strategies, and controls with a view to safeguarding essential systems, networks, and assets against attacks and breaches.

    What is the process of cyber risk management?

    As a continuous ongoing process, the cyber risk management lifecycle comprises the following primary phrases:

    • Identification: Organizations begin by working to identify and catalog all potential cybersecurity risks, including security vulnerabilities and possible threats, through practices like vulnerability scanning, threat intelligence, and penetration testing.
    • Assessment: Identified risks are evaluated to determine the likelihood of an incident as well as its potential effects on organizational assets and operations. This is done using methods such as risk analysis, risk heat mapping, and scenario modeling.
    • Prioritization: Once the likelihood and severity of risks are determined, they are prioritized through risk scoring so that resources can be allocated to protect assets in order or importance.
    • Mitigation: Security teams began addressing identified risks in order of priority, enacting measures to mitigate them. This can include the establishment of new security policies and procedures, as well as the implementation of security controls, including encryption, firewalls, and antivirus, among other solutions.
    • Monitoring & review: Once new measures have been implemented, security teams engage in continuous monitoring, reviewing the effectiveness of those measures and reassessing risks once again.

    Why is cyber risk management important?

    Cyber risk management is important for several different reasons.

    Firstly, cyber risk management helps organizations protect their vital assets by empowering them to continuously upscale their defenses in response to evolving threats. 

    Secondly, cyber risk management helps to promote business continuity by fostering stronger security and reducing the likelihood of operational disruption from a breach. This also helps organizations to avoid reputational damage and maintain strong relationships with customers.

    Finally, cyber risk management plays an important in regulatory compliance. By enabling organizations to continuously strengthen their defenses, cyber risk management ensures that sensitive data assets are afforded maximal protection at all times to prevent compliance violations. 

    What are the benefits of cyber risk management?

    There are many benefits to cyber risk management. Chief among these are the following:

    • Reduced risk exposure through the improvement of security measures
    • Enhanced visibility and incident response from continuous monitoring
    • Resource optimization from informed, data-driven decision-making
    • Operational continuity and regulation compliance through the prevention of breaches

    How to identify possible cyber risk mitigation measures?

    Organizations should implement different practices to help them identify viable risk mitigation measures. 

    Firstly, it’s advisable to conduct a thorough assessment of identified risks, as this will help security teams determine which security measures may require improvement due to vulnerabilities or misconfigurations. Additionally, security teams can conduct gap analyses to determine where gaps may exist between controls and leverage threat intelligence platforms to learn about emerging threats that need addressing.

    Based on the findings of their investigations, security teams can then begin exploring different mitigation measures that can meet their security needs, including new controls or policies, incident response plans, or even employee training programmes. Once selected and implemented, these measures should then be reassessed to determine their effectiveness.

    Enhancing resilience with cyber risk management

    In an ever-evolving threat landscape, cyber risk management is an essential component of a strong cybersecurity strategy. By providing a framework for systemically identifying, assessing, prioritizing, and mitigating threats, cyber risk management empowers organizations to maintain maximal visibility over their networks and continuously upscale their defenses to ensure their vital assets are always optimally protected. 

    Glossary related terms
    Automated Penetration Testing Automated Security Breach and Attack Simulation (BAS) External Attack Surface Management (EASM) Red Teaming Security Control Validation Security Validation Vulnerability Management